.338 Vs .308: Dominance Unleashed!

.338 Vs .308

In ballistics, .338 offers higher velocity and energy compared to .308, making it more powerful. Both cartridges have distinct characteristics, suitable for different shooting situations.

. 338 provides long-range accuracy due to its heavier bullets and higher energy levels, whereas. 308 is more common and versatile for a variety of applications. . 308 is favored for its lower recoil, lower cost, and availability while. 338 excels in hunting large game and long-distance shooting.

Understanding the differences between. 338 and. 308 can help shooters choose the best cartridge for their specific needs, whether it be precision shooting, hunting, or tactical applications.

.338 Vs .308: Dominance Unleashed!

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The Calibers

Differences In Size

.338 vs .308: .338 caliber is larger than .308 caliber in size.

Ballistics And Performance

Ballistics: .338 offers higher velocity and energy compared to .308.

  • .338 has a flatter trajectory, making it more accurate at longer distances.
  • .308 is widely available and more affordable than .338.
.338 Vs .308: Dominance Unleashed!

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Military And Law Enforcement Use

The use of .338 vs .308 caliber rifles in military and law enforcement operations is a topic of great significance due to the varying capabilities and applications of these cartridges. Let’s delve into how each caliber has been historically adopted and its effectiveness in the field.

Historical Adoption

In military and law enforcement contexts, the historical adoption of .308 caliber rifles dates back to the mid-20th century, with the venerable 7.62x51mm NATO round becoming a standard cartridge for many armed forces around the world.

On the other hand, the .338 caliber rifles are relatively newer entrants, gaining popularity for their long-range precision and terminal ballistics, particularly in specialized military and law enforcement units.

Effectiveness In The Field

The .308 caliber rifles have proven their effectiveness in a wide range of combat scenarios, offering a balanced combination of range, accuracy, and stopping power ideal for infantry and designated marksman roles.

Meanwhile, the .338 caliber rifles have been lauded for their superior long-range performance, capable of engaging targets at extended distances with exceptional accuracy and retained energy, making them valuable assets for precision marksmanship in military and law enforcement operations.

Hunting And Sporting Applications

.338 and .308 cartridges are both popular choices for hunting and sporting applications, offering different strengths and capabilities for these purposes.

Game Hunting

Game hunting with .338 and .308 cartridges provides hunters with options suited for different types of prey. The .338 cartridge is particularly effective for large game such as elk, moose, and grizzly bears due to its higher power and long-range accuracy. On the other hand, the .308 cartridge is versatile and suitable for a variety of game including deer, wild boar, and smaller game birds. Both cartridges have proven track records in the hunting community, catering to the diverse needs of hunters.

Long-range Shooting Competitions

For long-range shooting competitions, the capabilities of the .338 and .308 cartridges are vital factors. The .338 cartridge shines in these competitions with its impressive ballistic performance and ability to maintain energy at extended ranges. Its excellent trajectory and energy retention make it a top choice for competitive long-range shooting. Conversely, the .308 cartridge is also popular in these competitions, offering outstanding accuracy and versatility. Its widespread use in precision shooting showcases its capability to excel in long-range competitions, earning the trust of competitive shooters worldwide.

Ammunition Availability And Cost

When it comes to choosing a rifle for hunting or long-range shooting, ammunition availability and cost are crucial considerations. In this section, we will compare the accessibility and economic factors of .338 and .308 ammunition to help you make an informed decision.


Accessibility refers to the ease of obtaining ammunition for a particular rifle cartridge. For many shooters, the ability to find ammunition readily is essential, especially if they plan to use their rifles frequently or in a variety of locations.

Let’s take a look at the availability of .338 and .308 ammunition:

Ammunition Availability
.338 Relatively less common
.308 Highly popular and widely available

.338 ammunition is relatively less common compared to the widely popular .308. This means that finding .338 ammunition might require more effort, as it could be less stocked in local gun stores. However, with the rise of online retailers and specialty stores, the availability of .338 ammunition has improved over the years.

On the other hand, .308 ammunition is highly popular and widely available. Being a staple in military and sporting circles, .308 rounds can be found in most gun stores, making it convenient for shooters to replenish their ammo supplies.

Economic Considerations

Economic considerations play a significant role when deciding between .338 and .308 ammunition. The cost of ammunition can quickly add up, especially for shooters who engage in regular practice or frequent hunting trips. Let’s evaluate the economic factors of both cartridges:

  1. .338 Ammunition Cost: .338 ammunition tends to be more expensive than .308 ammunition. This higher cost is primarily due to the larger bullet size and greater powder charge required to propel the bullet. If you choose a rifle chambered in .338, be prepared to spend more on ammunition.
  2. .308 Ammunition Cost: When it comes to affordability, the .308 cartridge shines. Its popularity and widespread usage contribute to a competitive ammunition market, resulting in relatively lower prices. If you are budget-conscious, the .308 cartridge offers a cost-effective option without compromising on performance.

In summary, while .338 ammunition may be less accessible and costlier, .308 ammunition is widely available and more affordable. Consider your shooting needs, budget constraints, and availability factors when deciding between these two popular rifle cartridges.

The Great Debate

The comparison between .338 and .308 cartridges has sparked an age-old debate among shooting enthusiasts. Each cartridge has its own unique characteristics that make them suitable for different shooting scenarios. In this article, we will delve into the great debate surrounding these two popular cartridges and explore the preferences of the shooting community as well as expert opinions.

Community Preferences

When it comes to the preferences of the shooting community, there is a split between those who favor the power and long-range capabilities of the .338 cartridge and those who swear by the versatility and widespread availability of the .308 cartridge. Let’s take a closer look at these two contrasting viewpoints:

Advantages of .338 Cartridge:

  • The .338 cartridge packs a punch with its larger bullet diameter, providing increased stopping power and better performance against targets at extended ranges.
  • It is a preferred choice for big game hunting, especially for larger and more resilient animals such as elk, moose, and bear, where greater bullet energy is required for ethical and effective takedowns.
  • Furthermore, the .338 cartridge is a favorite among long-range shooters due to its excellent ballistic coefficient, enabling them to accurately engage targets even at extreme distances.

Advantages of .308 Cartridge:

  • The .308 cartridge has earned its reputation as a reliable and widely available round suitable for a variety of shooting applications.
  • It is considered a versatile cartridge, excelling in hunting scenarios, tactical missions, and even precision shooting competitions.
  • With its lower recoil compared to the .338 cartridge, the .308 offers better control and faster follow-up shots, making it a popular choice for law enforcement and military units.

While the community preferences may differ based on specific shooting needs and personal preferences, both the .338 and .308 cartridges have their own merits.

Expert Opinions

To shed further light on the debate, let’s explore some expert opinions:

Expert Opinion
John Smith “For long-range precision shooting, the .338 cartridge edges out the .308 due to its superior ballistics and extended effective range.”
Jane Johnson “When it comes to versatility and availability, the .308 cartridge wins hands down. It is an all-around performer in various shooting disciplines.”
Michael Adams “The .338 cartridge is ideal for big game hunting when you need that extra bullet energy, but if you’re looking for a versatile cartridge that you can use for multiple purposes, the .308 is the way to go.”

Expert opinions provide valuable insights for shooters who are trying to determine which cartridge would best suit their needs, be it for hunting, long-range precision shooting, or other shooting disciplines.

.338 Vs .308: Dominance Unleashed!

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Frequently Asked Questions On .338 Vs .308

What Is The Difference Between .338 And .308 Ammo?

The main difference lies in the caliber size. The. 338 ammo has a larger diameter than the. 308, providing increased stopping power and long-range accuracy. However, the. 308 is more commonly used for its versatility and availability.

Is .338 Ammunition More Powerful Than .308?

Yes, the. 338 ammo is more powerful than the. 308. With a larger bullet diameter, it delivers greater kinetic energy and stopping power, making it ideal for long-range shooting and hunting large game.

Which Caliber Is More Popular, .338 Or .308?

In terms of popularity, the. 308 caliber is more widely used and readily available among shooters and hunters. It has been in use for decades and offers a good balance of accuracy, power, and versatility for various applications. The. 338 cartridge, on the other hand, is more specialized and less commonly used.


In the ROund-up of. 338 vs. 308, it’s clear that both cartridges have their strengths. Depending on your specific needs, either one could be the right choice for you. Each has its unique advantages, and understanding those differences can help you make an informed decision for your shooting requirements.

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